ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
Stones were commonly used for buildings, also as memorials of important events (Gen. 28:18; Josh. 24:26,27; 1 Sam. 7:12, etc.). They were gathered out of cultivated fields (Isa. 5:2; compare 2 Kings 3:19).
This word is also used figuratively of believers (1 Pet. 2:4,5), and of the Messiah (Ps. 118:22; Isa. 28:16; Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11, etc.). In Dan. 2:45 it refers also to the Messiah. He is there described as “cut out of the mountain.” (See Rock.)
A “heart of stone” denotes great insensibility (1 Sam. 25:37).
Stones were set up to commemorate remarkable events, as by Jacob at Bethel (Gen. 28:18), at Padan-aram (35:4), and on the occasion of parting with Laban (31:45-47); by Joshua at the place on the banks of the Jordan where the people first “lodged” after crossing the river (Josh. 6:8), and also in “the midst of Jordan,” where he erected another set of twelve stones (4:1-9); and by Samuel at “Ebenezer” (1 Sam. 7:12).