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Jupiter

the principal deity of the ancient Greeks and Romans

He was worshipped by them under various epithets.

Barnabas was identified with this god by the Lycaonians (Acts 14:12), because he was of stately and commanding presence, as they supposed Jupiter to be.

There was a temple dedicated to this god outside the gates of Lystra (14:13).

“And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter?” —Acts 19:35

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