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Hoshea / Hoshe'a / Oshea

Meaning: salvation.

This was the name of three biblical men:

  1. the original name of the son of Nun, afterwards called Joshua (Numbers 13:8, 16; Deuteronomy 32:44)

  2. the ruler of Ephraim in David’s time (1 Chronicles 27:20)

  3. the last king of Israel

    He conspired against and slew his predecessor, Pekah (Isaiah 7:16), but did not ascend the throne till after an interregnum of warfare of eight years (2 Kings 17:1-2). Soon after this he submitted to Shalmaneser, the Assyrian king, who a second time invaded the land to punish Hoshea, because of his withholding tribute which he had promised to pay.

    A second revolt brought back the Assyrian king Sargon, who besieged Samaria, and carried the ten tribes away beyond the Euphrates, B.C. 720 (2 Kings 17:5-6; 18:9-12).

    No more is heard of Hoshea. He disappeared like “foam upon the water” (Hos. 10:7; 13:11).

Author: Matthew G. Easton, with minor editing by Paul S. Taylor.