Meaning: winepress or a wine vat
also known as: Gat, Geth. Tell es-Safi
Gath is one of the 5 royal cities of the Philistines (Joshua 13:3) on which the ark of the covenant brought calamity (1 Samuel 5:8, 9; 6:17).
It was also famous as being the birthplace or residence of the giant Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4) who young David killed.
David later fled from King Saul to Achish, king of Gath (1 Samuel 21:10; 27:2-4; Psalms 56), and his connection with it will account for the words in 2 Samuel 1:20…
Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,
Or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
The daughters of the uncircumcised will exult. —2 Samuel 1:20 NASB
It was afterwards conquered by King David (2 Samuel 8:1). It occupied a strong position on the borders of Judah and Philistia (1 Samuel 21:10; 1 Chronicles 18:1).
Its site has been identified with the hill called Tell es-Safi, the Alba Specula of the Middle Ages, which rises 695 feet above the plain on its east edge. It is noticed on monuments about B.C. 1500.
Tell es-Safi, site of ancient Gath of the Philistines—satellite view