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Gath

Hebrew: גַּת‎

Meaning: winepress or a wine vat

also known as: Gat, Geth. Tell es-Safi

Gath is one of the 5 royal cities of the Philistines (Joshua 13:3) on which the ark of the covenant brought calamity (1 Samuel 5:8, 9; 6:17).

It was also famous as being the birthplace or residence of the giant Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4) who young David killed.

David later fled from King Saul to Achish, king of Gath (1 Samuel 21:10; 27:2-4; Psalms 56), and his connection with it will account for the words in 2 Samuel 1:20

Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,
Or the daughters of the Philistines will rejoice,
The daughters of the uncircumcised will exult. —2 Samuel 1:20 NASB

It was afterwards conquered by King David (2 Samuel 8:1). It occupied a strong position on the borders of Judah and Philistia (1 Samuel 21:10; 1 Chronicles 18:1).

Its site has been identified with the hill called Tell es-Safi, the Alba Specula of the Middle Ages, which rises 695 feet above the plain on its east edge. It is noticed on monuments about B.C. 1500.

Tell es-Safi, site of ancient Gath of the Philistines—satellite view

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