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Zechariah

Meaning: Jehovah is renowned or remembered

The name of two prophets, a priest, and several other biblical people…

  1. Prophet Zechariah—a prophet of Judah, the eleventh of the twelve minor prophets

    Like Ezekiel, he was of priestly extraction. He describes himself (1:1) as “the son of Berechiah.” In Ezra 5:1 and 6:14 he is called “the son of Iddo,” who was properly his grandfather. His prophetical career began in the second year of Darius (B.C. 520), about sixteen years after the return of the first company from exile. He was contemporary with Haggai (Ezra 5:1).

    His book consists of two distinct parts: (1) chapters 1 to 8, inclusive, and (2) chapters 9 to the end. It begins with a preface (1:1-6), which recalls the nation's past history, for the purpose of presenting a solemn warning to the present generation. Then follows a series of eight visions (1:7-6:8), succeeding one another in one night, which may be regarded as a symbolical history of Israel, intended to furnish consolation to the returned exiles and stir up hope in their minds. The symbolical action, the crowning of Joshua (6:9-15), describes how the kingdoms of the world become the kingdom of God's Christ.

    Chapters 7 and 8, delivered two years later, are an answer to the question whether the days of mourning for the destruction of the city should be any longer kept, and an encouraging address to the people, assuring them of God’s presence and blessing.

    The second part of the book (ch. 9-14) bears no date. It is probable that a considerable interval separates it from the first part. It consists of two burdens.

    The first burden (ch. 9-11) gives an outline of the course of God’s providential dealings with his people down to the time of the Advent.

    The second burden (ch. 12-14) points out the glories that await Israel in “the latter day”, the final conflict and triumph of God's kingdom.

  2. Zechariah, the son or grandson of Jehoiada, the high priest in the times of Ahaziah and Joash. After the death of Jehoiada he boldly condemned both the king and the people for their rebellion against God (2 Chronicles 24:20), which so stirred up their resentment against him that at the king's commandment they stoned him with stones, and he died “in the court of the house of the Lord” (24:21). Christ alludes to this deed of murder in Matthew 23:35, Luke 11:51. (See Zacharias [2])

  3. Prophet Zechariah in the time of Uzziah—a prophet, who had “understanding in the seeing of God,” in the time of Uzziah, who was much indebted to him for his wise counsel (2 Chronicles 26:5).

  4. Chief Zechariah—one of the chiefs of the tribe of Reuben (1 Chronicles 5:7).

  5. Zechariah the porter—one of the porters of the tabernacle (1 Chronicles 9:21).

  6. Zechariah of 1 Chronicles 9:37.

  7. Zechariah, a Levite who assisted at the bringing up of the ark from the house of Obed-edom (1 Chronicles 15:20-24).

  8. Zechariah, a Kohathite Levite (1 Chronicles 24:25).

  9. Zechariah, a Merarite Levite (1 Chronicles 27:21).

  10. The father of Iddo (1 Chronicles 27:21).

  11. Teacher Zechariah—one who assisted in teaching the law to the people in the time of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:7).

  12. A Levite of the sons of Asaph (2 Chronicles 20:14).

  13. Zechariah, one of Jehoshaphat's sons (2 Chronicles 21:2).

  14. Zechariah, the father of Abijah, who was the mother of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:1).

  15. One of the sons of Asaph (2 Chronicles 29:13).

  16. Ruler Zechariah—one of the “rulers of the house of God” (2 Chronicles 35:8).

  17. Chief Zechariah—a chief of the people in the time of Ezra, who consulted him about the return from captivity (Ezra 8:16); probably the same as mentioned in Neh. 8:4.

  18. Zechariah of Neh. 11:12.

  19. Zechariah of Neh. 12:16.

  20. Zechariah of Neh. 12:35,41.

  21. Zechariah of Isaiah 8:2.