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ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia

Watches

the periods into which the time between sunset and sunrise was divided

They are so called because watchmen relieved each other at each of these periods. There are frequent references in Scripture to the duties of watchmen who were appointed to give notice of the approach of an enemy (2 Sam. 18:24-27; 2 Kings 9:17-20; Isa. 21:5-9). They were sometimes placed for this purpose on watch-towers (2 Kings 17:9; 18:8). Ministers or teachers are also spoken of under this title (Jer. 6:17; Ezek. 33:2-9; Hebrews 13:17).

The watches of the night were originally three in number.

  1. “the beginning of the watches” (Lam. 2:19);
  2. “the middle watch” (Judg. 7:19)
  3. “the morning watch” (Ex. 14:24; 1 Sam. 11:11), which extended from two o'clock to sunrise.

But in the New Testament we read of four watches, a division probably introduced by the Romans (Matt. 14:25; Mark 6:48; Luke 12:38).

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