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In their wild state doves generally build their nests in the clefts of rocks, but when domesticated “dove-cots” are prepared for them (Song of Songs 2:14; Jer. 48:28; Isa. 60:8). The dove was placed on the standards of the Assyrians and Babylonians in honor, it is supposed, of Semiramis (Jer. 25:38; Vulgate, “fierceness of the dove;” compare Jer. 46:16; 50:16).
It is often mentioned as the emblem of purity (Ps. 68:13). It is a symbol of the Holy Spirit (Genesis 1:2; Matt. 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32); also of tender and devoted affection (Song of Songs 1:15; 2:14).
David in his distress wished that he had the wings of a dove, that he might fly away and be at rest (Ps. 55:6-8).