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Hebrew: kapporeth, a “covering;” Septuagint and New Testament: hilasterion; Vulgate: propitiatorium
the covering or lid of the Ark of the Covenant
It has been conjectured that the censer (thumiaterion, meaning “anything having regard to or employed in the burning of incense”) mentioned in Hebrews 9:4 was the “mercy-seat,” at which the incense was burned by the high priest on the great day of atonement, and upon or toward which the blood of the goat was sprinkled (Leviticus 16:11-16; compare Numbers 7:89 and Exodus 25:22).
Article Version: September 9, 2017