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a vessel made of skins for holding wine (Joshua 9:4, 13; 1 Samuel 16:20; Matthew 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37-38), or milk (Judges 4:19), or water (Genesis 21:14-15, 19), or strong drink (Hab. 2:15)

Earthenware vessels were also similarly used (Jer. 19:1-10; 1 Kings 14:3; Isa. 30:14).

In Job 32:19 (compare Matt. 9:17; Luke 5:37-38; Mark 2:22) the reference is to a wine-skin ready to burst through the fermentation of the wine.

“Bottles of wine” in the Authorized Version of Hos. 7:5 is properly rendered in the Revised Version by “the heat of wine,” i.e., the fever of wine, its intoxicating strength.

The clouds are figuratively called the “bottles of heaven” (Job 38:37).

A bottle blackened or shrivelled by smoke is referred to in Psalm 119:83 as an image to which the psalmist likens himself.